Attention Parents! Beware of This Disease Which is Spreading Fast and Infecting Especially Children's! - Here's How to Prevent it!

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HFMD or hand, foot, mouth disease is a common infectious disease which is prone to children and infants. This disease can be identified by a painful sore in the mouth, fever, and rash with blisters on hands, feet and also buttocks. This disease is very common, especially in Asian countries.


 
Based on the records that HFMD individual and outbreak cases occur worldwide such as in tropical and subtropical countries. According to some experts that HFMD outbreaks happens every few years in several places around the world, but according to some reports that in recent years HFMD outbreaks occurs more in Asian countries including Japan, Hong Kong, China, Republic of South and North Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

The mentioned countries have an extensive increase in the number of reported cases related to HFMD these past few years and based on the result that most affected are infants and children aging under 10 years old, but most common in age 5 years below and tend to have worse symptoms since their immune system hasn't fully developed yet.

 
People have many questions about this disease and the most common question of them are the following:

What causes HFMD?

HFMD are viruses from a group called enteroviruses. In fact, there are many types in the group such as echoviruses, coxsackieviruses, polioviruses, and other enteroviruses. But according to some experts that HFMD is most commonly caused by coxsackievirus A16 resulting into a mild self-limiting disease with a few health complications. They also added that HFMD is also linked to Enteroviruses, such as enterovirus 71 (EV71) that can be a lead in serious complications, and may be fatal.

What are the symptoms of HFMD?

The symptoms of this disease commonly start in a poor appetite, malaise, often to a sore throat, and a fever.
  • You will notice non-itchy rashes which develop over 1 to 2 days with red spots, and some are with blisters. You can usually found these rashes in the palm of your hands, soles of the feet and sometimes in the genitalia or buttocks.
  • Some people may have no other symptoms and only a rash or mouth ulcer indicates the disease.
  • You will notice a painful sore develop in your mouth, after a one to two days of fever attack. You can usually find this painful sore in the gums, tongue, and inside of the cheeks.
  • A small number of HFMD cases, mostly are children who have to experience brief illness, present with mixed respiratory and neurological symptoms.
Who is at risk for HFMD?

Actually, everyone who is not infected is at risk, but not all infected are getting ill, mostly those people who have a high immune system.

 
How is HFMD treated?

As of now, there is no specific available treatment for this disease. Patients who experience chronic pain due to ulcer pain and fever are required to drink plenty of water and may require symptomatic treatment.

How to prevent this kind of disease especially with the children?

Actually, there is no available antiviral drugs or vaccine presently for this disease, Taking a proper hygiene can lower the risk of infections especially with the children who always play outside and prone to bacteria and infections. Make sure that you always clean your children before bedtime.

Preventive measures to lower the risk of infections:
  • Always clean your house especially things that mostly hooking the attention of your children such as toys. Clean them with soap and water and then disinfect them with the help of dilute solution of chlorine-containing bleach.
  • Always keep in mind to wash your hands, especially after touching any blister sore, before feeding your infants or children, or after preparing the food for your family, especially after changing diapers and after using the toilet.
  • Dispose of any unused things that can be infected with germs, especially tissues, nappies, and other things related to your child's daily use.
  • Make sure to cover your mouth and nose when sneezing of distance with your children before you release the sneeze.
  • Avoid close contact with your children who is infected with HFMD, or if you are infected never kiss, hug, share utensils etc. with your family, separate the things that you used or any member of your family who is infected with this virus to avoid the spread of this disease to the whole family.
Source: wpro.who.int


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